An aquascape is a landscaped place with constructed or natural aquatic features like fountains and ponds. It can also be an arrangement of different elements like rocks and plants in an aquarium. These are ideally placed for creating the image of an organic aquatic atmosphere.
Aquascaping involves arranging water plants in perfect combination with driftwood, stones, and rocks. All these different things are placed aesthetically, and also in a pleasing way within an aquarium. Typically, these aquariums feature plants and fishes along with hardscape. However, it is essential to note that such settings can also be created without the incorporation of fish. If you take good interest in this craft, then having an idea of the different aquascaping styles is imperative. They are as follows:
Japanese Style Aquascaping
The aquascaping expert Takeshi Amano has come up with some beautiful creations. His creations have had a major influence on present-day aquascaping. He also came up with his book called Nature Aquarium World in the 1960s. It was the introduction of this book that helped Amano in setting a completely new standard in the field of aquarium aquascaping.
The main aim of Japanese style was creating an aquarium that suggests a great sense of space within small confines. The focus was more on composition. And, minimalism is the main beauty source with specific rules that governed hardscaping. In this style, shrimps and fish are chosen for complementing the plantation and controlling algae. However, there is a major stress on minimizing the count of species for encouraging proper schooling.
Dutch Planted Aquariums
Dutch people are known for their enthusiasm towards growing plants. They are plant lovers, and thus it makes complete sense that Dutch planted aquariums or tanks have an emphasis on plants. Such aquariums speak of wild and colorful arrangement consisting of water plant textures along with small leaf shapes. They are reminiscent of the plated gardens of Piet Oedolf- yet another great garden master from the Netherlands. In this type of setting, plants are specifically arranged for highlighting each other by way of the contrast of colors and shapes along with textures. This was there is a beautiful and amazing underwater garden effect that comes to the forefront. There is also this perfect amalgamation of minuscule tendrils, leaves, rocks, grass, and trees for imparting a great feeling.
This is a very simple aquascaping style. It can be reproduced very easily. As suggested by the name, the ultimate result resembles an unmated and wild world that looks very similar to a jungle. An essential feature of jungle-scaped aquariums is that the vegetation is generally left to its very own tool and it gets dense on its own. This means that it is one style that does not require much maintenance and even lasts for a very long time. It is not a very complicated layout and can also be highly functional and attractive over time. Fish species in such tanks generally preference the dense vegetation.
Other Popular Aquascape Styles
The other popular styles are Taiwanese and Biotypes. You can use these designs for replicating a specific aquatic habitat. Then, there is the Walstad technique that might not win many awards. But it is actually a very visually tempting style.