One of the most rewarding aspects of backyard hydroponics gardening is that it doesn’t need to take up much of your time and there’s very little upkeep required. It’s a great way to grow vegetables without all the work involved in outdoor growing. It’s also a great hobby to get into. However, before you get started you will want to know a bit more about hydroponics, the plants you can grow, and how to maintain them. Once you understand these basics you’ll be ready for backyard hydroponics gardening.
When people think of backyard hydroponics gardening they typically picture small containers or planters. The truth is that there are many ways that you can build your own garden and the amount of space that you’ll need will depend on how elaborate you want the garden to be. You can grow almost any vegetable that you can grow indoors, but it will take some work and planning. If you’re just starting out, start with five to ten gallon containers so that you have plenty of room to grow some of the larger varieties.
Your garden will need good soil and lots of light if you want your plants to grow healthily. You will need to test the soil frequently so that you can keep it moist and free from nutrients. If you decide to use a soil-based medium, you will need to purchase some starter soil at a gardening store. Make sure to mix it thoroughly with the soil from your purchase. Other options are fish scratchings, coir or bark dust.
When you have your seedlings in the garden it’s going to take a while for them to grow, but once they do you’ll have beautiful plants that you can show off. The larger plants will take more frequent watering. For each plant you can add one tablespoon of rock salt per 5-inch pot or per plant. You will also need to add one teaspoon of lime per 5-inch pot for each quart of water that you use to water your garden.
When it comes to selecting the plants to grow you should choose plants that don’t need much maintenance and that are hardy. You can keep them very small with the idea of harvesting later. Some of the best choices are Java Fern, Shasta rootingstock, Rockwool Slate, dwarf junipers, Canada Lily, and California Poppies. Some of these require more watering than the others, but all of them are worth growing.
Once you have selected the plants you will need to get the correct pots. They will be available in many sizes and shapes. Try to find something that has a hole in the bottom. This will allow the roots to go down into the dirt and provide them with the oxygen that they need. Don’t forget to add peat moss to the bottom of the pots to keep the soil moist.
You should start off with a one-inch layer of gravel on the bottom of each pot. Then you can select what type of plant you want. If you want a certain species, you may have to look at the internet for information. The most popular choices are Java Fern and Shasta rootingstock. Both of these are very hardy and grow quite well. However, there is a difference between the two; Shastas can survive even a drought while Ferns will not.
After your garden has been established, you can then make it grow with some minor adjustments. You can change the direction that the plants are facing by adding a trellis system. This will allow the plants to be placed vertical if they are growing horizontally. There are many other things you can do to increase your garden like using various types of media. You can find all of this and much more online.